The Case for Unbundling Nigeria: Division for the Sake of Unity

This article argues for the unbundling of Nigeria into three separate nations based on political, ethnic, and religious divisions. The author contends that Nigeria's current form of governance, which is a unitary system, has led to an imbalance of power and


Nigeria has been a country of great potential ever since its independence in 1960. With its vast reserves of oil, fertile land, cultural richness, and a large population, Nigeria was once thought to be the future economic powerhouse of Africa. However, that potential has not been fully realized due to its division along ethnic, political, and religious lines that are wrecking havoc on the country. Despite several attempts at creating a united Nigeria, the country is currently ruled by corrupt politicians, and the people are suffering from poverty, unemployment, and violence. In this article, I will argue that the only way for Nigeria to achieve its full potential is for the country to be unbundled into three separate nations based on political, ethnic, and religious divisions.

Political Division

Political division has been a major issue in Nigeria since its independence. The country is divided into 36 states and one federal capital territory. However, the unity of these states has been questionable due to political differences. Four years of a presidential term is insufficient for a president to unite the country. As soon as any government is formed, the politicians tend to focus on their own interests and abandon the interest of the people.

Dividing Nigeria into three political nations would lead to better governance. A smaller political entity would be better managed than a larger one. It would give the leaders more time to focus on the needs of their people without interference from other regions.

Ethnic Division

Ethnic division is another obstacle to the unity of Nigeria. Nigeria is home to more than 250 ethnic groups, and the government has struggled to manage these diverse groups without creating conflicts. Ethnicity has been a significant factor in the country's politics; the election process is filled with ethnic politics, which perpetuate the divide among ethnic groups in the country.

Creating three separate nations based on the three major ethnic groups in Nigeria is the best way to manage the country's diversity. Choosing the ethnic boundaries that suit each ethnicity will make them all feel represented, respected, and secure in their cultural heritage. The ethnic nations will also encourage development, as they can tap into the natural resources in their land, which will provide the resources needed to develop their region.

Religious division

Religious division has been a significant cause of tension and conflict in Nigeria. The country is almost evenly split between Muslims and Christians. Religious tensions have led to extremist religious activities such as Boko Haram, which has caused thousands of deaths and left many Nigerians homeless. The government has struggled to manage these security issues, and religious conflicts have led to deep divisions among the population.

Creating religious nations will help build a more peaceful Nigeria. Muslim and Christian nations with a distinct border will provide a sense of security to both groups of people. The religious nations can create a constitution that respects and protects the religious right of everyone, and religious education in schools will help children understand and appreciate different cultures.

Economic Development

Unbundling Nigeria into three independent nations that are based on political, ethnic, and religious divisions would encourage economic development in each region. One of the significant issues facing Nigeria is its inability to manage its vast resources. By dividing the regions, each area would have autonomy over their resources. More so, the government would be more focused on the specific needs of each region than Nigeria as a whole. This autonomy reduces corruption, creates more jobs and leads to economic growth.


Nigeria's problems are deep, and it will require drastic measures to solve them. Proponents of a united Nigeria argue that division would weaken the country, fueling conflict among the various nations, and damaging Nigeria's international reputation. However, a united but deeply divided Nigeria has failed the Nigerian people. Unbundling Nigeria might be just what Nigeria needs. Dividing the country into three political, ethnic, and religious nations would bring an end to the decades-long federal government failures that have kept Nigeria from fulfilling her potential. These autonomous nations will have more control over their resources and focus on local problems without interference from other regions. Nigeria cannot afford to remain divided. It is time to embrace the unbundling of Nigeria for the sake of unity.

Matthew Nwachukwu

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