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The Stock market broadly refers to the collection of exchanges and other venues where the buying, selling, and insurance of shares of publicly held companies take place. The Stock market is where investors connect to buy and sell investments and most commonly, stocks which are shares of ow

The World is divided into two kinds of people: Those who have seen the famous Indian monument, the Taj Mahal, and those who haven’t. This was once said by Mark Twain, the same could be said about investors.

There are two kinds of investors, those who know about the investment opportunities in India and those who don’t know. Although India’s exchanges equate to less than 2.2% of the total global market capitalization as of Jan. 2020, one will find the same things one would expect from any promising market, upon closer inspection.

The NSE and BSE

Most of the trading in the Indian Stock market takes place on its two stock exchanges: The National Stock Exchange (NSE) and the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE). In 1875 BSE came into existence and NSE was founded in 1992 but started trading in 1994. However, the same trading mechanism, trading hours, and settlement process is followed by both exchanges

Let us know in detail about NSE and BSE

National Stock Exchange (NSE)

Mr. Vikram Limaye is MD CEO of NSE, NSE is the youngest stock exchange of India and the first exchange in India to provide the latest, modern, fully automated, screen-based electronic trading system. It offered an easy trading facility to the investors spread across the length and breadth of the country.

NSE was first to introduce the advanced electronic trading system and in 1993 NSE was set up as a tax-paying company and later on registered as a stock exchange under the Securities contract regulation act.

In the year 1995, National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL) was formed to provide depository services to the investors and it allows investors to securely hold and transfer their shares and bonds electronically. Along with this, it also allows investors to hold and trade in as few as one share or one bond. Nifty 50, the popular benchmark index, was introduced by NSE in the same Year.

NSE’s trading system is a state-of-the-art platform and has taken a huge stride in technology in these 20 years. When stock trading started in 1994 NSE technology was handling 2 orders a second. In 2001, this increased to 60orders per second, and today NSE can handle around 1,60,000 orders per second, with infinite ability to scale up at short notice on demand of investors.

Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE)

BSE is an Indian exchange located at Dalal Street, Mumbai.

It was founded by Mr. Premchand Roychand, in the 19th century he was one of the most influential businessmen. He was a man who made a fortune in the stockbroking business and came to be known as the Cotton King, the Bullion King, or the Big Bull.

BSE is the oldest stock exchange in Asia. It was formerly known by the name — “The Native Share  Stock Brokers Association” in the year 1875. The story of BSE starts back in 1855 when a few stockbrokers would gather under a banyan tree in front of Mumbai’s town hall.

The location of these meetings changes multiple times to accommodate an increasing number of brokers. The group eventually moved to Dalal Street in 1874.

BSE got official recognition by India’s central government as the premier stock exchange of the country, under the Securities Contract Regulation Act,1956, in 1957.

Sensex was introduced as the first equity index to provide a base for identifying the top 30 trading companies of the exchange, in more than 10 sectors, In the year 1986. The BSE Online trading system (BOLT) was commissioned in 1995. As of April 2018 reports, BSE is the 10th largest stock exchange marketplace in the world with an overall market capitalization of over $2.3 trillion.


NSE is the biggest stock exchange in India offers a fully automated, electronic trading system across the country and BSE is the oldest stock exchange in whole Asia, which offers high-speed trading to its customers.

NSE was founded in the year 1992 and whereas BSE was started in the year 1875

The Benchmark Index of the NSE is Nifty 50 and BSE is Sensex 30.

Website: NSE: www.nseindia.com and BSE: www.bseindia.com

There are 1696 companies listed in NSE, whereas there are 5749 companies listed in BSE.

The Market Capitalization of NSE is 2.27 trillion and BSE is 2.3 trillion

The Global Rank of NSE is 11th and BSE is 10th

The network spread of NSE is 1500 cities and of BSE is 450 cities.

The volume traded is high when compared to BSE hence the liquidity rate is more.

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